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通識教育化學篇

Practical Aspects of Chemistry

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    內容簡介

    坊間中文的通識化學書通常都是翻譯自英文書籍而來,因為通識化學牽涉範圍很廣,作者需要有長年教學經驗才容易抓住重點和主題,國內很少學者在通識化學這方面耕耘,這就反映在這方面出版品的缺乏上面;本書針對中興大學通識課程的化學教學部分而編撰,可以當通識課程教科書或補充教材使用。

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    作者介紹

    洪豐裕

    洪豐裕
    學歷:美國印地安那州聖母大學博士
    經歷:1.現任中興大學化學系教授
       2.曾任中興大學化學系主任、中興大學特聘教授、
    國科會自然處化學學門審議委員
    專長領域:無機化學、有機金屬
    已出版著作:
      1.有機金屬化學
      2.從解題著手懂普通化學
      3.從解題著手懂配位化學
    4.有機金屬化學解題良伴

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    詳細資料

    EAN / 9789869837873
    頁數 / 360
    裝訂 / 平裝
    級別 / 普
    語言 / 繁體/中文

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    目錄

    第一章 緒論 .......................................
    .................................................................13
    1.1 科學的起源及發展 ................................................................................................13
    1.2 文藝復興對西方科學發展的重要性 .....................................................
    ..............16
    1.3 科學方法 ................................................................................................................22
    1.4 科學與偽科學 .....................................................................................................
    ..23
    1.5 科學哲學 ................................................................................................................27
    1.6 科學與文明 ............................................................................................................28
    1.7 科學的範疇及其限制 ............................................................................................29
    1.8 科學與環保 ............................................................................................................31
    1.9 科學與其他學問的關係 ...........
    ............................................................................33
    1.10 科學有用嗎? ........................................................................................................35
    1.11 現代公民的素養 ..........................................
    .........................................................36
    《充電站》 .......................................................................................................................38
    S1.1 常被人誤解的化學 ...................................................
    ............................................38
    S1.2 分子設計師 ............................................................................................................39
    S1.3 拉瓦錫戲劇性的一生 .....................................................................
    ......................41
    S1.4 比利時原子堆積模型 ............................................................................................41
    S1.5 都是鈕扣惹的禍? ................................................................................................42
    S1.6 偽科學之一例:招搖撞騙的超能力—隔空抓藥 ................................................44
    目 錄
    S1.7 有關電腦:現在回想無法置信的舊時評論 ........................................................45
    S1.8 常見科學方法詞彙 ...............................................................................
    ..................46
    《練習題》 .......................................................................................................................47
    第二章 物質的組成及變化 .........................................................................51
    2.1 物質的組成 ............
    ...............................................................................................51
    2.2 初期原子理論的出現 ............................................................................................53
    2.3 原子模型的修正 ..........................
    .........................................................................53
    2.4 元素週期表 ............................................................................................................57
    2.5 定量概念的發展及設定 .........................................
    ..............................................59
    2.6 世界觀的轉變 ........................................................................................................60
    2.7 原子尺寸這麼小的東西,如何觀察? ................................................................6

    2.8 原子核內部構造 ....................................................................................................66
    2.9 化學鍵結的概念 ....................................................................................................67
    2.10 酸鹼與氧化還原 ........
    ...........................................................................................72
    2.11 催化反應概述 ........................................................................................................80
    2.12 生活中的化學—聚合物 ........................
    ...............................................................91
    《充電站》 .......................................................................................................................96
    S2.1 門得列夫一二事 ..............................................
    .....................................................96
    S2.2 密立根的油滴實驗造假? ....................................................................................97
    S2.3 拉塞福α-粒子散射實驗和原子彈 ........................................................................
    98
    S2.4 傳奇人物路易士 ....................................................................................................99
    S2.5 化學家、戰爭與榮譽 ..........................................................................................101
    S2.6 工廠排放汙染的問題 .........
    ................................................................................103
    S2.7 化學的精神在合成 ..............................................................................................104
    S2.8 第三者的功能─觸媒 ..........................................
    ...............................................104
    S2.9 自然界的化學家─金龜蟲和牠的防禦系統 ......................................................105
    S2.10 量子力學─最終理論? ......................................................................................106
    S2.11 齊格勒和納塔與聚合反應 ..
    ...............................................................................108
    S2.12 法拉第的啟示 ......................................................................................................109
    S2.13 拉塞福的告誡 ..............................
    .......................................................................110
    《練習題》 .....................................................................................................................111
    第三章 重要化學分子 ........................................
    .........................................115
    3.1 小型分子大學問 ..................................................................................................115
    3.2 中大型分子功能多樣化 ...............................................................................
    ......144
    3.3 特大型分子的奇特功能 ......................................................................................157
    3.4 構型特殊的分子 ..................................................................................................164
    3.5 含過渡金屬化合物與顏色 .......
    ..........................................................................170
    《充電站》 .....................................................................................................................171
    S3.1 所羅門王的智慧和現代DNA鑑定 ...........................
    .........................................171
    S3.2 浪子回頭—格里納的故事 ..................................................................................172
    S3.3 增加造林減少二氧化碳? ..................................................................................173
    S3.4 八仙塵爆 ..............................................................................................................174
    S3.5 炒菜時的考量 ......................................................................................................175
    S3.6 救命藥物分子 .........
    ............................................................................................175
    S3.7 奇特的元素—硼 ..................................................................................................176
    S3.8 雷分索悖論 .......................
    ..................................................................................179
    S3.9 從水分子的形成來看化學鍵結與機率 ..............................................................180
    S3.10 冷媒氟利昂與臭氧 ................................................................
    .............................181
    S3.11 諾貝爾獎的遺珠 ..................................................................................................183
    《練習題》 ..................................................................................................
    ..................185
    第四章 物質與能量 .......................................................................................189
    4.1 物質形態的變化 ..................................................................................................189
    4.2 能量的形態及轉換 ..........
    ...................................................................................200
    4.3 位能和動能 ..........................................................................................................210
    4.4 質能守恆定律 ...........................
    ..........................................................................211
    4.5 能量與亂度 ..........................................................................................................212
    4.6 燃煤與能源危機 ...........................................
    ......................................................214
    《充電站》 .....................................................................................................................217
    S4.1 原子彈的發展 ........................................................
    .............................................217
    S4.2 鐵弗龍與原子彈 ..................................................................................................218
    S4.3 冷核融合的糗事 ..................................................................................................219
    S4.4 為什麼福島核電廠是氫爆不是核爆? ..............................................................220
    S4.5 硼化學與美蘇太空競賽 ......................................................................................221
    S4.6 硼化學大師—布朗 ..............................................................................................222
    S4.7 硼中子捕捉治療法 ..............................................................................................223
    S4.8 省油車—生質柴油車 ..........................................................................................224
    《練習題》 .....................................................................................................................225
    第五章 化學與生活 .......................................................................................227
    5.1 食衣住行育樂 ......................................................................................................227
    5.2 水源污染 ..............................................................................................................244
    5.3 毒性分子 ..............................................................................................................245
    5.4 傳染病 ..................................................................................................................251
    5.5 抗癌藥品順鉑 ......................................................................................................253
    5.6 酸鹼的化學 ..........................................................................................................254
    5.7 醋的化學 ..............................................................................................................255
    5.8 鹽的化學 ..............................................................................................................255
    5.9 油和脂 ..................................................................................................................257
    5.10 糖的化學 ..............................................................................................................257
    5.11 清潔劑的化學 ......................................................................................................258
    5.12 農藥與水 ..............................................................................................................260
    5.13 香水的化學 ..........................................................................................................260
    5.14 瓦斯中毒 ..............................................................................................................261
    5.15 電池的化學 ..........................................................................................................262
    5.16 滅火器的化學 ......................................................................................................262
    5.17 照明的化學 ..........................................................................................................263
    5.18 洗碗精的化學 ......................................................................................................264
    5.19 甲醛的問題 ..........................................................................................................264
    5.20 樟腦丸 ..................................................................................................................265
    5.21 鉛中毒 ..................................................................................................................266
    5.22 水銀(汞)中毒 ..................................................................................................267
    《充電站》 .....................................................................................................................269
    S5.1 臺灣食品安全問題 ..............................................................................................269
    S5.2 臺灣水資源問題 ..................................................................................................269
    S5.3 鹽和薪水 ..............................................................................................................270
    S5.4 水變成血的化學 ..................................................................................................270
    S5.5 氫氧自由基與健康 ..............................................................................................272
    S5.6 基因改植作物安全嗎? ......................................................................................272
    S5.7 天然尚好? ..........................................................................................................273
    S5.8 塑膠與紙製品 ......................................................................................................274
    S5.9 塑膠材質回收辨識碼 ..........................................................................................274
    S5.10 素樸世界─美國中西部的亞美許社群 ..............................................................276
    S5.11 苦民所苦? ..........................................................................................................276
    S5.12 弗萊明與邱吉爾─編出來的勵志故事? ..........................................................277
    《練習題》 .....................................................................................................................278
    第六章 化學與材料 .......................................................................................283
    6.1 早期人類常使用的材質 ......................................................................................284
    6.2 聚合物 ..................................................................................................................289
    6.3 人定勝天或以自然為師 ......................................................................................292
    6.4 奈米材料 ..............................................................................................................293
    6.5 半導體材料 ..........................................................................................................299
    6.6 超導材料 ..............................................................................................................302
    6.7 液晶顯示器 ..........................................................................................................303
    6.8 發光二極體 ..........................................................................................................304
    6.9 生物大分子與太陽能發電 ..................................................................................305
    《充電站》 .....................................................................................................................307
    S6.1 一位科學家與聚合物 ..........................................................................................307
    S6.2 鐵氟龍不沾鍋有毒? ..........................................................................................308
    S6.3 生物可分解材料真的比較好? ..........................................................................308
    S6.4 奈米材料的安全性 ..............................................................................................309
    S 6.5 陶瓷及複合材料 ..................................................................................................309
    《練習題》 .....................................................................................................................313
    第七章 儀器的發明及使用 .......................................................................315
    7.1 化學合成方法 ......................................................................................................315
    7.2 儀器的重要性 ..................................................................................

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